There are various types of Persian rugs which include Bakhtiari, Bijar, Eshfahan, Farahan, Gabbeh, Heriz/Serapi, Kashan/Mohtasham, Kerman, Khorassan/Mashad, Persian Kilims, Malayer, Sarouk, Senneh, Sultanabad/Mahal, and Tabriz. Each type has its own unique design, pattern, and origin, making Persian rugs a highly sought-after choice for home decor.

Whether you’re looking for intricate floral designs, geometric patterns, or a combination of both, Persian rugs offer a wide range of options to suit every aesthetic preference. Made with meticulous craftsmanship, these rugs are known for their durability and timeless beauty, adding a touch of elegance and luxury to any space.

Types Of Persian Rugs

Persian rugs are a timeless symbol of luxury and exquisite craftsmanship, each intricately woven with a unique story to tell. Understanding the various types of Persian rugs can provide insight into their origin, design, and cultural significance. From the elegant city rugs to the rustic charm of tribal or nomadic rugs, the diversity within the Persian rug heritage is truly remarkable.

City rugs are known for their fine craftsmanship and intricate designs, reflecting the urban sophistication and artistry of renowned weaving centers such as Tabriz, Kashan, and Isfahan. These rugs often feature elaborate floral motifs, medallion patterns, and rich color palettes, showcasing the skilled artisanship of urban weavers.

Tribal or nomadic rugs are woven by various ethnic groups such as the Qashqai, Bakhtiari, and Baluchi, using traditional techniques passed down through generations. These rugs exhibit a more geometric and rustic charm, often incorporating bold tribal motifs, vibrant hues, and irregular patterns that reflect the unique cultural identity of nomadic communities.

Rug Type Characteristics
Gabbeh Known for its thick pile and simplistic designs, often featuring animal or tribal motifs.
Heriz Recognized for its bold geometric patterns and durable construction, originating from the Heris region.
Kashan Characterized by intricate floral designs and central medallions, showcasing fine craftsmanship.

City Rugs

If you are a fan of Persian rugs, you have probably come across the term “city rugs.” These rugs, also known as workshop rugs, are considered to be among the finest and most prestigious in the world. City rugs are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans in urban centers renowned for their carpet weaving traditions.


Kashan rugs are named after the city of Kashan, one of the oldest centers of Persian carpet weaving. These rugs are known for their exquisite designs and high-quality craftsmanship. With their intricate floral motifs and vibrant colors, Kashan rugs are a true testament to the artistry and skill of the weavers.


Tabriz rugs take their name from the city of Tabriz, which has been a hub of rug production for centuries. These rugs are renowned for their fine knotting and exceptional detail. Tabriz rugs often feature intricate medallion or all-over designs, adorned with a variety of motifs, such as floral patterns or pictorial scenes.


Isfahan rugs are woven in the city of Isfahan, known for its rich history and cultural heritage. These rugs are characterized by their refined elegance and luxurious materials. Isfahan rugs typically feature intricate floral patterns, often set against a central medallion. The use of silk in the weaving process gives these rugs a lustrous sheen.

City rugs, such as Kashan, Tabriz, and Isfahan, represent the epitome of Persian carpet weaving. With their intricate designs, exceptional craftsmanship, and rich cultural heritage, these rugs are not just floor coverings but valuable pieces of art that can elevate any interior space. Explore the world of city rugs, and you’ll discover a treasure trove of beauty and history.

Tribal Or Nomadic Rugs

Types of Persian Rugs: Tribal or Nomadic Rugs

Persian rugs fall into three main categories: city, village, and tribal. Tribal or nomadic rugs are renowned for their unique designs and quality.


Gabbeh rugs are known for their simplicity and geometric patterns. These rugs often feature bold colors and are handcrafted by tribal communities.


Bakhtiari rugs are characterized by intricate floral motifs and vibrant colors. They are traditionally woven by the Bakhtiari tribe in Iran.


Kilims are flat-woven rugs that showcase intricate designs and patterns. These rugs are popular among collectors for their craftsmanship and heritage.

Distinct Types And Their Characteristics

Persian rugs are renowned for their exquisite craftsmanship and intricate designs. Each type of Persian rug carries its own unique characteristics, making them highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts alike. Let’s explore some distinct types and their defining features:


The Bakhtiari rugs are known for their bold geometric patterns and vibrant colors. They often feature intricate floral designs and are handwoven by Bakhtiari tribes in western Iran.


Heriz/Serapi rugs are characterized by their large, geometric medallions surrounded by vibrant colors such as reds, blues, and ivory. These rugs are highly durable and age beautifully over time.


Kerman rugs are famous for their fine weaving and delicate floral patterns. They are often made with high-quality wool and silk, creating luxurious and elegant designs that stand the test of time.

Historical Significance

Persian rugs have a rich historical significance that dates back thousands of years. They are not just ordinary floor coverings; they are woven masterpieces that carry the heritage and traditions of the ancient Persian civilization. Persian rugs have been a symbol of luxury, craftsmanship, and artistry for centuries, and their significance goes beyond their aesthetic appeal.

Recognizing authentic Persian rugs requires knowledge about the various designs that have made Persian rugs world-renowned. Here are some of the top Persian rug designs:

  1. Floral Pattern: One of the most popular Persian rug designs is the floral pattern. These rugs feature intricate and delicate floral motifs that represent elegance and beauty.
  2. Geometric Pattern: Geometric patterns are another characteristic design found in Persian rugs. These designs often incorporate symmetrical shapes, lines, and angles, creating a sense of balance and harmony.
  3. Medallion Pattern: Medallion rugs have a central focal point in the form of a medallion. This design is often surrounded by intricate patterns and motifs, adding depth and complexity to the rug.
  4. Herati Pattern: The Herati pattern is a common motif found in Persian rugs. It features a diamond-shaped medallion surrounded by curved leaves and fish. This design symbolizes luck, prosperity, and happiness.
  5. Tribal Pattern: Tribal designs represent the nomadic lifestyle of certain Persian tribes. These rugs often feature bold, geometric patterns and vibrant colors, reflecting the culture and heritage of the nomadic tribes.

When it comes to recognizing authentic Persian rugs, there are certain characteristics to look for:

  • Soft Backing: Authentic Persian rugs always have a soft backing. This is a result of the hand-knotting technique used in their creation.
  • Imperfections in Knots: Hand-knotted rugs may have minor imperfections in the knots, which add to their authenticity and charm.
  • Color and Material: Authentic Persian rugs are made from high-quality materials, such as silk or wool. The colors used in these rugs are often natural and vibrant.
  • Design and Craftsmanship: Pay attention to the intricacy of the design and the level of craftsmanship. Authentic Persian rugs are known for their detailed and exquisite workmanship.

By recognizing these key features, you can ensure that you are investing in a genuine Persian rug that will not only add beauty to your space but also hold historical and cultural significance.

Top Persian Rug Designs

Persian rugs are known for their exquisite craftsmanship and intricate designs. Each rug tells a story and represents a rich cultural heritage. Persian rugs come in various designs, and here are some of the top designs you should know about:

Floral Patterns

Floral patterns are one of the most iconic designs found in Persian rugs. These rugs feature beautifully woven motifs of flowers, leaves, and vines. The intricate details and vibrant colors of the floral patterns add an element of grace and elegance to any space. Whether it’s a single flower or a garden full of blooms, the floral designs in Persian rugs are truly captivating.

Geometrical Designs

Geometrical designs are another popular choice in Persian rugs. These designs showcase geometric shapes and patterns, such as triangles, squares, and diamonds. The symmetrical arrangement of these shapes creates a visually pleasing and balanced look. Geometrical designs in Persian rugs often represent architectural motifs or elements from nature, adding a touch of sophistication to any room.

Medallion Motifs

Medallion motifs are a classic design element in Persian rugs. These rugs typically have a central medallion surrounded by intricate designs and borders. The medallion can be circular, oval, or diamond-shaped, and it often symbolizes harmony and balance. Medallion motifs in Persian rugs create a focal point and instantly draw attention to the center of the rug, making it a stunning centerpiece for any space.

Recognizing Authentic Persian Rugs

Exploring the realm of Persian rugs unveils a diverse array including styles like Gabbeh, Tabriz, Heriz, Kashan, Isfahan, Kerman, and more. Each type boasts unique characteristics, from intricate patterns to vibrant colors, showcasing the rich heritage of Persian rug craftsmanship.

Recognizing Authentic Persian Rugs

Soft Backing

A true sign of an authentic Persian rug is its soft backing, which is a result of the intricate hand-knotting process. This softness indicates the quality and craftsmanship that goes into creating these rugs.

Identification Tips

  • Look for imperfections in the knots to determine if the rug is hand-knotted or machine-made.
  • Observe the intricate patterns and designs that are unique to Persian rugs.
  • Check for traditional motifs such as floral, geometric, medallion, or tribal designs.

Authentic Persian rugs often exhibit a high level of intricacy and detail in their designs, showcasing the skill of the weaver.

Frequently Asked Questions On What Are The Different Types Of Persian Rugs?

How Many Types Of Persian Rugs Are There?

There are various types of Persian rugs, including Bakhtiari, Bijar, Eshfahan, Farahan, Gabbeh, Heriz/Serapi, Kashan/Mohtasham, Kerman, Khorassan/Mashad, Persian Kilims, Malayer, Sarouk, Senneh, Sultanabad/Mahal, and Tabriz. These rugs come in different designs and patterns, such as floral, allover, geometrical, medallion, Herati, Boteh, tribal, and open field.

What Type Of Persian Rug Is The Most Valuable?

The most valuable type of Persian rug is the “Clark Sickle-Leaf Carpet,” known for its rarity and intricate design.

What Is The Most Popular Persian Rug Design?

The most popular Persian rug design includes floral, geometrical, and medallion patterns. These designs showcase intricate and timeless motifs.

How Do I Identify My Persian Rug?

To identify your Persian rug, you can look at the soft backing. Real Persian rugs always have a soft backing. Additionally, examining the knots can determine if it’s hand-knotted or machine-made. Visit the provided sources for more information on the different types of Persian rugs and popular designs.


Persian rugs come in a wide variety of styles and designs, including Bakhtiari, Bijar, Eshfahan, Farahan, Gabbeh, Heriz/Serapi, Kashan/Mohtasham, Kerman, Khorassan/Mashad, Persian Kilims, Malayer, Sarouk, Senneh, Sultanabad/Mahal, and Tabriz. Each type of rug has its own unique characteristics and cultural significance.

Whether you’re looking for a floral, geometric, or traditional design, Persian rugs offer a timeless elegance that can enhance any space. With their exquisite craftsmanship and rich history, these rugs are truly a treasured art form. Explore the world of Persian rugs to discover the perfect piece for your home.

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